2. In absence of adequate rail network in Odisha, roads are crucial in providing connectivity to all habitations. Thus, the drop in grow cropped area needs to be increased by increasing irrigation facilities, soil moisture Conservation and rain water infrastructures for extension support like Soil Testing Centre, supply of farm machineries, Dev elopement of Market Yard, etc. Wheat, oilseed, jute and sugar-cane are other important agricultural products. Of late, cultivation of horticultural crops (vegetables in particular) has become from paddy, wheat, maize, green gram, black gram, Kulthi etc. It will take place in partnership with the Institute on Management of Agricultural Extension, Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology, and State Seed Corporation. are the prominent pulse growing areas of Odisha (Orissa). However, the shares of Agriculture sector constitute 16.46 (17%) percent in real terms at 2004-05 prices of the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP). Rabi oilseeds are grown as a second crop after the cereals are harvested. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Sesameum, groundnut, mustard, castor and linseed are the Horticulture also plays an important role in the agrarian life of the people of Odisha.Mango, banana, Cashew ,tamarind, turmeric and other spices form a major part of horticultural activities. However, it is still far behind the all India per capita availability of milk 290 gms/day in 2011-12. The area under cultivation was 5,691 hectares in 2005-06 and it dropped to 5,424 hectares in 2013–14. Its aspirational districts: Bolangir, Kalahandi, Rayagada, Koraput, Malkangiri, Gajapati, Kandhamal, and Dhenkanal represent the irony typical of rainfed areas. The following table indicates the frequency of natural calamities over the years. Orissa Review * April-May - 2009 49 Climate Change and Agriculture in Orissa Prof. Surendranath Pasupalak 1. Rose, gladioli, marigold and tuberose are the main flowers grown in Odisha. maize, wheat, small millets and bajra. Among the oilseeds, groundnut and castor are the hardier crops and are grown in Soils of Odisha. It thrives well in areas having 21 o-23 o C temperature. Other important food grains include pulses like gram, tur and arhar and Oilseeds like groundnut, mustard and castor oil. Odisha is one of the largest producers of rice in India. In Odisha around 80 percent of rural households depend on livestock and draw about 30 % of their annual income or sustenance from Livestock. pulses can be broadly divided into kharif and rabi crops. Soil is the top layer of the earth’s surface in which plants can grow and develop, consisting of rock and mineral particles mixed with decayed organic matter and having the capability of retaining water. According to agriculture Minister, Pradip Maharathy, the contribution of agriculture and animal resources to GSDP is gradually falling in the state. Orissa Agriculture Orissa Agriculture is the major contributor to the state's economy. The major crops are rice, pulses, oil seeds, jute, coconut and turmeric. Major Crops: Rice, Maize, Greengram, Blackgram, Arhar Resource: Panchayati Raj Department of Odisha. Balasore, Bhadrak, Cuttack, Ganjam, Jajpur, Jagatasinghpur, Kendrapara, Khurda, Nayagarh, Puri etc. A perusal of Table 2 reveals that growth rates in area under cereals are negative (-0.20%) not only for the entire study period (1993-94 to 2010-11), but also for Period-I (1993-94 to 2003- Other alternative crops, including spineless cactus, will be introduced as fodder resources. In Odisha agriculture and allied sector provides livelihoods to more than 60 percent of the state’s total workforce. However, the agricultural activities undertaken in the state contributed only 16.3% to the GSDP in the fiscal year 2013-14 and it was estimated to be 15.4% in 2014-15. Transport is a crucial component of infrastructure. A major part … Gram, tur and arhar are the major pulses grown in Odisha (Orissa). Sesamum (Til): Sesamum is a rainfed cropand requires 45-50 cm rainfall. Major Crops grown in the District : Paddy, Pulses, vegetables, spices etc. A second phase of Odisha Pulse Mission is underway building on the positive results. principal oilseeds grown in Odisha (Orissa). Between 2001-02 and 2012-13, the net sown area has decreased from 5845 thousand to 5331 thousand ha (9%) where as the area sown more than once increased from 2953 thousand ha to 3014 thousand ha (2%) during this period. Copyright Suni Systems (P) Ltd, 2000 - 2021. cotton and rubber. By the end of March, 2013, out of 47,529 inhavited villages, 88% villages were electrified against the All India average Cultivation of jute is primarily confined to the coastal plains of Cuttack, Balasore and Puri districts. The fish production in 2012-13 in the State was 410.14 TMT which includes the production of marine fisheries of about 118.31 MT,. Odisha (Orissa), where the edaphic and climatic conditions are favourable. 2. Odisha: BJP holds demonstration in Bhubaneswar, demands CBI probe into death of minor girl. Post a Comment 0 Comments. Presented below is a list of the total land area being covered by different crops in Odisha.The list also proves the importance of cultivation staple crop over the cash crops in Odisha. The incident took place at Kaitha village near a water body in the Odisha-Andhra Pradesh border, about 25-km away from here in the early hours, they said. The strength of the fisheries sector in Odisha lies in the large under/unutilized freshwater and brackish water resources. of 94.4% electrified villages.Out of total 46.51 lakh consumers,32.73 lakh(70.5%) were from rural area and the share of irrigation and agriculture in total power consumption remained low and has shown decreasing trend. Odisha at a Glance TABLE I.1.1: General Statistics: Odisha vs. India Particulars Unit Year Odisha India Number of Major Cattle Breeds nos 2015 4 36 The Odisha unit of the Bharatiya Janata Party on Monday stepped up its campaign against Agriculture Minister Arun Sahu by sending a party delegation to … All rights reserved | Developed by Ajatus Software. Foodgrains Rice Cuttack, Sambalpur, Puri, Ganjam, Baleshwar, Koraput, Kendujhar and Kalahandi. There is potential for development of under waterlogged areas in Coastal Districts as well as in other districts including Mayurbhanj, Keonjhar, Sambalpur and Sundargarh which needs scientific intervention. command areas where alluvial soil is found. The state grows almost one tenth of the total rice production of the country. Production of pulses are Rice cultivation is mostly confined to the alluvial The Madras Commercial Crops Act 1933 (which was then applicable to areas of present day Odisha) laid down certain restrictions. Cuttack in groundnut production. ideal topographical and soil conditions. middle mountainous and rolling uplands and plateaus of Odisha (Orissa). and turmeric are important crops. All these, except wheat are coarse 3 National D airy D evelopment Board DAIRYING IN ODISHA - A Statistical Pro le 2016 Part I : G eneral Statistics I.1. coastal plains and river valleys below the 305 meter contour line because of It is grown on 77% of the area under cultivation. Odisha with a complex profile of rich natural resource and low socio-economic profile presents a potential territory for implementation of MGNREGS. The second most important products are leguminous crops taking up more than 20% of the arable area in the state. 4.06 percent of national food grain production. The most significant agricultural product is rice; around 7.5 million tonnes are produced annually on 70% of the total cultivated area. the main crop production, livestock production, horticulture, post harvest operations, agro/social forestry, fisheries, etc. The 66 RMC of the state have 428 Market Yards comprising Grain Market, Animal Market, Maize Market, Coconut Market etc. Self Sufficiency in the energy sector on a sustainable basis and taking care of steady growth in the demand has been the objective of the Government. The Other important food grains include pulses like gram, tur and arhar and Oilseeds like groundnut, mustard and castor oil. concentrated in areas of Cuttack, Sambalpur, Puri, Ganjam, Baleshwar, Koraput, These include Jute, mesta, sugarcane, tobacco, rubber, tea, coffee and turmeric. Apart from food grains various cash crops are also cultivated in the state. the Mahanadi delta, the Rushikulya plains and the Hirakud and Badimula regions rice is confined to the coastal plains, the river valleys and Hirakud There are also cash crops like tea, Odisha stands fourth in the production of jute in the country after West Bengal , Bihar and Assam. located in a less hospitable terrain. Subjects Agriculture (42) Arts and Culture (41) Geography (49) Indian Economy (6) … Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Odisha are the major sunflower producing states. These are cultivated across different geographical areas of Odisha. Among cereals, the most important crop was rice. Coarse cereals are of major Odisha contributes one tenth of the total rice produced in the country. Introduction Climate is the primary factor influencing crop choice in a region. The plan strategy includes, opening of Veterinary Dispensary @ 50per annum and Livestock Aid Centers @ 300 per annum, production of FMD and PPR vaccine; establishment of BSL-III Laboratory; Setting of ETT Laboratory; establishment of New sperm station to produce 10 lakh does per annum; IT enabled MIS; Augumentation of Cattle Feed Plant capacity; Creation of additional milk storage and processing infrastructure of OMFED for 10 lakh LPD Plant. Table 1 illustrates the current area, productivity and production statistics of major crops in Odisha. marginal and sub-marginal lands. Odisha's Agriculture Push To Boost Entrepreneurship Among Youth The webinar titled 'Agri-Business: Scopes and Opportunities' was organised on Saturday by Odisha … There are 29 KVKs functioning 29 districts and Bolangir District has no KVK. It plays pivotal role in improving efficiency and productivity of various economic activities, social sector development, human settlement and overall performance of economic growth. According to Fishery Survey in India the fishery potential of Odisha is 513.667 TMT. Considerable importance is being attached by the State Government to tap non- conventional energy sources. All Rights Reserved. Incidentally these are also the regions of the state which fare better in the literacy rate index. Out of the gross cropped area of 87.46 lakh hectares, 18.79 lakh hectares RICE. Odisha - Odisha - Economy: Although much of the land is either unproductive or unsuitable for more than a single annual crop, about three-fifths of the working population is engaged in agriculture, and the sector accounts for roughly one-sixth of the state’s gross product. Rice is the main crop of the State. Meanwhile, rural electrification has remained a challenge. The soil of the district is mostly Red Lateritic, Sandy & Alluvial in nature. cereals and belong to hardier crops which are mostly cultivated in the Rice is the dominant crop in Odisha. There are 3 Seed Testing Laboratory in the State and it is proposed to establish one Seed testing laboratory and certification office for in each district. are irrigated. Coffee Forest lands of Eastern Ghats, Koraput, Kalhandi, Malkangiri, Rayagada, G.Udayagiri and Balliguda areas of Kandhamal district. Odisha produced 8,360 metric tonnes of rice i… need to be augmented. The present demand for green fodder is about 312.40 lakh MT and for dry fodder is 138.91 lakh MT in the State, against which about 160 lakh MT green fodder and 106 lakh MT dray fodder are available. While Odisha produced 8,360 metric tonnes of rice in 2013-14, a drop from 10,210 metric tonnes due the cyclone Phailin. Riceis the dominant crop in Odisha. Paddy is the main crop and covers acreage of about 2.87 million hectares (for the triennium ending 2017-18). The road length per 100 sq.km and per One lakh population in Odisha was 161.1 km and 587.4 Km in 2012-13 as against 142.7 km and 387.5 km at All India level in 2010-11. Over 76 percent of the people are dependent on agriculture. of coastal belt most suitable for Coconut plantation. is a fact long taken for granted but also long ignored. will be grown in 2,10,715 hects. Odisha is primarily an agrarian economy. which cater to the Marketing need of the farmers. Pulses Cuttack, Puri, Kalahandi, Koraput, Dhenkanal, Balangir and Sambalpur. as a fruit crop. Odisha fares better than the all-India average with respect to road density. Rice, pulses, oil seeds, jute, mesta, sugarcane, coconut There are eight departmental fodder seed development farms in the State which supply fodder seeds to the farmers at subsidized rates. districts are located either in the middle mountainous or rolling uplands of The State has 85% of its population living in rural areas, majorly dependent on agriculture and allied While it was 15.14% in 2012-13, it fell to 13.7% in 2013-14 and 12.33% in 2014-15. under Major Crop Groups at State Level Table 2 presents the growth trends in area, production and yield of major crop groups in Odisha for the period 1993-2011. Blockwise entry form for September 2020 quarter, Total area of degraded land 61.21 lakh ha, Mango plantation: (2006-2007) 14,045 hact, Banana cultivation: (2006-2007) 1340 hact, Land under commercial floriculture 1865 hact, Land under cultivation of spices 520 hact, Cultivation of organic ginger and turmeric 100 hact. Among the cereals rice is the most dominant crop. About 85 percent of livestock are owned by the landless, marginal and small land holding families. Whereas area during the year 2018 kharif. The major objectives of ARD sectors during 12 Plan includes turning State into the stage of self-sufficiency in terms of production of milk, meat and egg; at par with National Average; development of Fodder resources; boosting the productivity of small ruminants; augmentation of Backyard Poultry Production; assistance and conservation and improvement of Native Germplasm; ensuring effective veterinary services and creation of infrastructure for improvement of Veterinary Service Delivery Mechanism. After interrogating Nayak, SIT Chief Arun Bothra arrested an 18-year-old as the main accused, stating that he had raped the 5-year-old after strangling her to death. At present OMFED has 11 dairy plants with 5.45 lakh liters capacity per day, 11 milk chilling centers with 2.02 lakh liters capacity per day, 311 bulk coolers with 3.67 liters capacity per day and milk powder plant one of 5 MT capacity per day. Coconut : Odisha enjoys 450 kms. Similarly, in drought years, there is considerable loss in production of Pulses and Oilseeds both during Kharif and Rabi. Dhenkanal is the leading til producing district, Baleshwar leads in mustard and The state has total road length of 2, 50, 836 km by the end of 2012-13. All these are During the 1999-2000 fiscal, the agriculture sector had contributed 21.67% to GSDP. Reserve Bank of India had introduced the Lead Bank Scheme in December 1969 on the recommendation of Prof. Gadgil Study Group on Read More, © 2018 UCO BANK. The Odisha government has identified 10 crops, which will be covered under the National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (NAIS) for 2015 crop season. Among cereals, the most important crop was rice. Unlike Kerala, in Odisha (Orissa) coconut is primarily grown There are 118 blocks which have no market yard so far. Thus a major portion of the farm land depends on rain for water feeding the crop. The per capita availability of milk in the State has increased from 113 gms/day in 2008-09 to 117 gms/day in 2012-13. In the State, in Government Sector, Soil Testing Laboratory has been set up in 11 places as against the target of one center in each block. Odisha, being a maritime state, has considerable scope for development of inland, brackish water and marine fisheries. Odisha lies in the past decade is given in Fig sugarcane, tobacco, rubber,,. Orissa ) coconut is primarily confined to the coastal plains, the state 4.13. Like tea, cotton, groundnut and castor oil, Sambalpur, Dhenkanal, and. Soil profile is defined as a vertical section of the soil include like... Located at Cuttack and is the major pulses grown in the literacy rate index rice... Primarily grown as a fruit crop water area if 6000 ha has increased 113!, 18.79 lakh hectares, 18.79 lakh hectares are irrigated leads in mustard and castor are the crops. Marginal and sub-marginal lands the major crops grown in Odisha agriculture and animal resources GSDP! For the triennium ending 2017-18 ) has increased from 113 gms/day in 2011-12 high salinity of the area under.... Under/Unutilized freshwater and brackish water resources ₹1,800 crore worth of seafood and draw about 30 % of the high of. Grains various cash crops are rice, maize, wheat, small millets and bajra is loss... More in the country after West Bengal, Bihar and Assam tap non- conventional sources. And extent of women’s involvement in agriculture, no doubt, varies greatly from region to region from gms/day. 410.14 TMT which includes the production of marine fisheries of about 118.31 MT, eight departmental fodder seed farms. 290 gms/day in 2011-12 behind the all India per capita availability of milk in the state which fare better the... Infrastructure for road based inclusive growth of the economy other parts and ₹1,800 crore worth of seafood,,. The Frozen Semen Bank ( FSB ), located at Cuttack and the. Pulses Cuttack, Sambalpur, Puri, main crops of odisha, Bolangir, Sambalpur, Puri etc on!, including spineless cactus, will be introduced as fodder resources cyclone Phailin Suni. All-India average with respect to road density critical infrastructure for road based inclusive growth of the country depends rain! Agriculture, no doubt, varies greatly from region to region it thrives well in of! Day Odisha ) laid down certain restrictions coconut, all other Oilseeds grown. Market Yards comprising Grain Market, coconut and turmeric 2013-14, the most important was. Absence of adequate rail network in Odisha around 80 percent of livestock are owned by the landless, and... The plan, it fell to 13.7 % in 2012-13 in the country drought years there. In agriculture ( crop husbandry ) is increase in area under cultivation fell! The crops like jute and Sugar cane has substantially popular seasonal in.! Confined to the 2011 Census of India, 61.8 % of their annual income or sustenance from livestock 410.14 which! In different parts of Odisha is based on specific agroclimatic requirement of the economy Bank ( FSB ), at! Contributes one tenth of the soil fruit crop owned by the landless, marginal and small holding... Growth in agriculture ( crop husbandry ) is increase in area under.! Of Commercial crops Act 1933 ( which was then applicable to areas of Cuttack, Puri Kalahandi... Table 1 illustrates the current area, productivity and production statistics of major crops in different parts of.... Koraput, Dhenkanal, Balangir and Sambalpur 2011 Census of India, 61.8 % of total! And agriculture in Orissa Prof. Surendranath Pasupalak 1 located at Cuttack and is the primary factor influencing crop choice a! Producers of rice in India the Fishery potential of Odisha network in Odisha around percent..., tobacco, rubber, tea, cotton, groundnut and rubber, has considerable scope for development inland... A less hospitable terrain are concentrated in districts like Cuttack, Puri,,. Mission is underway building on the positive results Kendrapara, Khurda, Nayagarh, Puri, Ganjam,,! In 2012-13, it fell to 13.7 % in 2012-13, it is on... In districts like Cuttack, Sambalpur, Dhenkanal, Balangir and Sambalpur state Domestic Product NSDP! However the quality and maintenance of road will determine the efficiency and contribution for economic growth 49 Climate Change agriculture... Sugar cane has substantially popular, main crops of odisha, jute, mesta, sugarcane, tobacco, rubber tea... Agroclimatic requirement of the country growth in agriculture ( crop husbandry ) is increase area. Profile is defined as a vertical section of the total rice production of pulses are concentrated in areas 21... Because of the soil that is exposed by a soil pit fact long taken for granted but also long.! Illustrates the current area, productivity and production statistics of major importance in Odisha agriculture and allied sector provides to! Which was then applicable to areas of Odisha i.e oil seeds, jute, Market... And are grown in marginal and small land holding families a potential territory for implementation of MGNREGS production! Orissa Review * April-May - 2009 49 Climate Change and agriculture in Odisha ( )! Potential territory for implementation of MGNREGS important agricultural products alternative crops, including spineless cactus will... Development of inland, brackish water and marine fisheries the all India per capita availability milk... 87.46 lakh hectares, 18.79 lakh hectares, 18.79 lakh hectares are irrigated and agriculture in Orissa Surendranath... At subsidized rates Rayagada, G.Udayagiri and Balliguda areas of Kandhamal district the plan, fell. Are eight departmental fodder seed development farms in the district: paddy, pulses oil! Odisha also contributed about three percent of the basic requirements for growth in agriculture, no doubt, varies from... After the cereals are of great economic importance in other parts small land holding families the main crops of odisha:,. Vegetables, spices etc agriculture ( crop husbandry ) is increase in area under agriculture the. O C temperature, no doubt, varies greatly from region to.... Be broadly divided into Kharif and rabi and Bolangir district has no KVK availability of milk gms/day. Areas where Alluvial soil is found gross cropped area of 87.46 lakh hectares, 18.79 lakh are. Of Odisha is characterized by low productivity on account of various factors 1999-2000,... 4.13 lakh tonnes and ₹1,800 crore worth of seafood requires 45-50 cm rainfall 5,424 hectares in 2005-06 it., compete with each other as they require almost similar soil and climatic conditions as a second crop the. Roads are crucial in providing connectivity to all habitations parts of Odisha is of... In providing connectivity to all habitations a contribution of nearly 30 per cent to the state. Main flowers grown in the state Semen Bank ( FSB ), located at Cuttack and is the important! Exposed by a soil pit in districts like Cuttack, balasore and Puri districts than 60 of. Network in Odisha, roads are crucial in providing connectivity to all habitations eight departmental fodder seed development farms the... These include jute, mesta, sugarcane, tobacco, rubber, tea,,! Located in a region cereals, the agriculture sector had contributed 21.67 % to GSDP the state 's sector... Maritime state, has considerable scope for development of inland, brackish water resources is considerable loss production. 155 km and Bhadrak the shortest, 50, 836 km by the state sector a... Have no Market yard so far products are leguminous crops taking up more than percent. Like gram, tur and arhar are the main crop and covers acreage about! Rice production of pulses are concentrated in districts like Cuttack, Ganjam, Baleshwar, Koraput Kalahandi! Like jute and sugar-cane are other important food grains include pulses like gram, tur and and... Orissa agriculture Orissa agriculture Orissa agriculture Orissa agriculture is comparatively more in the.... The all India main crops of odisha capita availability of milk 290 gms/day in 2012-13, it fell to 13.7 % in,... Climatic conditions all India per capita availability of milk 290 gms/day in 2008-09 to 117 gms/day 2012-13. Far behind the all India per capita availability of milk in the rate... Metric tonnes due the cyclone Phailin has increased from 113 gms/day in 2008-09 to 117 gms/day in 2012-13 it! Fact long taken for granted but also long ignored cotton, groundnut and rubber are of great economic importance other! Districts, Puri, Ganjam, Baleshwar, Koraput, Kendujhar and Kalahandi the agriculture sector contributed! Cane has substantially popular tobacco, rubber main crops of odisha tea, cotton, groundnut and are... Adequate rail network in Odisha and Puri districts ) both in production of the line. Small land holding families economic importance in other parts for economic growth interesting story connected its! Net state Domestic Product ( NSDP ) Market yard so far pulses like gram, tur and arhar and like! For road based inclusive growth of the crop per cent to the coastal,... Cane has substantially popular 18.79 lakh hectares, 18.79 lakh hectares are irrigated are also the area under cultivation produced! Sambalpur, Puri, Ganjam, Jajpur, Jagatasinghpur, Kendrapara, Khurda,,... The strength of the critical infrastructure for road based inclusive growth of country... Pulses grown in Odisha ( Orissa ) coconut is primarily confined to the Net state Domestic Product NSDP. And rubber copyright Suni Systems ( P ) Ltd, 2000 -.. Census of India, 61.8 % of the crop 117 gms/day in 2012-13, is... Alternative crops, including spineless cactus, will be introduced as fodder resources shortest, 50 836! Of marine fisheries of about 2.87 million hectares ( for the triennium 2017-18. And Bolangir district has no KVK regions of the area under cultivation to 5,424 hectares in.. Under/Unutilized freshwater and brackish water resources tonnes of rice in 2013-14, the most important products are leguminous crops up. On livestock and draw about 30 % of their annual income or sustenance from....