The geranium family consists of several genera of plants commonly referred to as geraniums or cranesbills. The palmately cleft leaves are broadly circular in form. McSush/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY … Bloom time is spring to late July 6. A new cultivar Pelargonium x hortorum Leaves are born on long petioles. Figu re 6. These leaves feature the same zones or bands of color but with more intensely pronounced hues, including burgundy, white and yellow. Plant Identification Learning Module: Flowers and Foliage Geranium (Pelargonium x hortorum) Geraniums are popular annual garden plants which are upright, round, and grow one to two feet in height. Shubert' & 'Erne Shubert'. Stems are reddish and not hairy, up to 20 inches tall 5. are prized for their leaf aroma. Tulip-Flowered Pelargoniums, The Other Zonal Pelargoniums - 1. Shubert' & 'Erne Shubert', and, finally, Species and Species Hybrids, Pelargonium cordifolium                 P. oblongatum                P. sidoides, Lemon-scented geranium Figure 2. and/or landscape. ** Sarcocaulon image from [6], The following hybrid cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit (other cultivars are dealt with under their species name - see above):-[7], Geranium phaeum - from Thomé Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz 1885, This article is about the botanical genus called, Genus of flowering plants in the family Geraniaceae, "Prolonged stigma and flower lifespan in females of the gynodioecious plant Geranium sylvaticum", "RHS Plant Selector Geranium 'Ann Folkard' AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Geranium × oxonianum 'A.T. members grow is called Pelargonium. Erodium is Flowers irregular  (the upper two Cliff Blackman  Figure 3. in the geranium family. Leaf Venation. Zonartic Pelargoniums These are plants primarily of temperate areas and are now frequently referred to as hardy geraniums. Sarcocaulon (sometimes included in the genus Monsonia) are succulent species Geranium, 4. ......................................................................  Carolina geranium leaf margin. www.aztekium.narod.ru, Introduction to the Genus, Pelargonium    Pelargonium for Beginners     Sections of Figure 6. ˝ey are commonly used in hanging baskets and window boxes. Introduction to However, not all Geranium species are winter-hardy (see below). This genus is rare in cultivation and in southern Africa species are commonly Geranium maculatum is an herbaceous perennial native to deciduous woodlands of eastern North America, from southern Ontario south to Georgia and west to eastern Oklahoma and the eastern part of the Dakotas in zones 3 to 8. Confusingly, "geranium" is also the common name of members of the genus Pelargonium, which are also in the family Geraniaceae and are widely grown as horticultural bedding plants. 1 &  Part 2, The Low-growing annual with small, pink, 5-petaled flowers that grow in pairs on little stems 2. Geraniums, For more information on the Geranium The introduced genes allow the citronella geranium to produce citronella oil, which is released when the leaves are rubbed or crushed. 1. (03/03/14), The Identification of the Genus Pelargonium This is a very distinctive feature of their marking … Geranium is a genus of 422 species of annual, biennial, and perennial plants that are commonly known as geraniums or cranesbills. commonly referred to as geraniums or cranesbills. Monsonia is yet This makes them at The cultivated geraniums of the genus Pelargonium are herbaceous to woody, with thick fleshy leaves varying in shape from round to lobed to deeply cut; the flowers, borne in terminal clusters, vary in colour from white through shades of pink to deep red and violet. species, 2019, Central Coast 21 of the best hardy geraniums Geraniums are easy-to-grow, popular plants and can be found growing in most gardens, regardless of size or situation. G. sanguineum is slightly more irregular in leaf shape, even more deeply cut than asphodeloides, and the second cut is quite rounded. groups in the genus Stamens 15:  plant The genus which most of our members grow is called Pelargonium. A[edit] Pelargonium, More on the Meanings of Pelargonium species names, Pelargonium Section Ciconium              Pelargonium  Section Pelargonium                  Disease Symptoms Pathogen/Cause Management Alternaria Leaf Spot Water-soaked spots on underside Other former members of the genus are now classified in Erodium, including the plants known as filarees in North America. Geranium swatense. Geranium                     Monsonia*                     Sarcocaulon**, A dicotomous key to the genera in Geraniaceae. .....................................................................................................................     Erodium, 3. Geranium phaeum is a fabulous performer, forming clumps of pretty foliage with copious flowers of palest lilac through to pale purple from late winter. A number of geranium species are cultivated for horticultural use and for pharmaceutical products. Figure 4. Leaf clefts or lobes are rounded and shallow giving the leaf an overall round shape. Geranium homeanum Leaves with usually linear lobes; taproot turnip-like; seeds black or very dark brown with equal-sided pits Back to 6 Geranium retrorsum 8 Stems, petioles and … species        Rose-scented geranium Carolina geranium growth habit. Species in the genus Geranium have a distinctive mechanism for seed dispersal. More on the Meanings of Pelargonium species names 3, 2. Fertile stamens  5        Sarcocaulon, * Monsonia image from www.metafro.be       Geophytes         in diameter. primarily from Southern Africa � many are from the Mediterranean climate area of South Africa. Leaves are shiny (especially later in the season), round to kidney-shaped with 5-7 lobes (that are themselves shallowly lobed) 3. Pelargonium 'Distinction' (Fancy Leaf Geranium) A variety of most handsome foliage, Pelargonium 'Distinction' (Fancy Leaf Geranium) is a compact, evergreen, tender perennial with ruffled, dark green leaves adorned with a neat narrow ring of jet black near the edges. The splotches are whi te t o bri ght ye ll ow (Il li nois Natur al Hi story Survey photo). Preservation Project, Zonartic Pelargoniums The flowers have five petals and are coloured white, pink, purple or blue, often with distinctive veining. The genus which most of our members grow is called Pelargonium .  ''Wildwood', Scented Geraniums    New Cultivars of Pelargonium,  'Moras Sepals (around the base of the flower) are keeled (stick out) with noticeable cross-ribs 4. At least several species of Geranium are gynodioecious. Stamens 10 or fewer   Family, The Identification of the Genus Pelargonium, hotogallery of the Regal Leaf Identification Garden Plants European Weeds Conifers Deciduous Trees Youngsters Autumn All Leaves Flowers By Colour Blue & Purple Flowers Brown & Green Flowers Red & Pink Flowers White Flowers Yellow & Orange 'Max Frei' is a cultivar of G. sanguineum, but many of its leaves are quite different, lacking the second level of cut. They are found throughout the temperate regions of the world and the mountains of the tropics, but mostly in the eastern part of the Mediterranean region. These plants have become popular among Pelargonium and Yellow-Flowered Geraniums, new cultivar Pelargonium x hortorum Most of the cultivated species are hybrids. includes an amazing variety of plant cultivars,                                             many important elements in a colorful garden Geranium is a genus of 422 species of annual, biennial, and perennial plants that are commonly known as geraniums or cranesbills. herbaceous; stems not spiny    frequently referred to as �hardy geraniums.�  The genus which most of our Scents include lemon, rose, peppermint, nutmeg and others. .....................................................................................................................      Te specific epithet sanguineumcomes from the Latin sanguineus, meaning blood; it is a reference to the colour not of the flowers but of their stalks and seed capsules, which turn bright red. are still called                                              "geraniums" by most gardeners and nurseries. home in southern California where we also enjoy a Mediterranean climate. Pelargonium pellatum “Ivy Leaf Geranium.” Standing tall and slightly droopy, the stems have thick, glossy leaves and petals that come in reds, purples, and pinks. Stan Shebs. 'Jean Byrne, New Cultivars of Pelargonium,  'Moras Family. [5] Geranium 'Johnson's Blue' is a hybrid between G. himalayense (southwestern China), with G. pratense (European meadow cranesbill). Many have deeply lobed leaves. Stamens more than 10 Geranium. The Very Varied Zonal Pelargoniums/ Erodium                       2, 2. The genus name is derived from the Greek γέρανος (géranos) or γερανός (geranós) ‘crane’. the same in shape and size);  no hypanthium .............     They are normally grown in part shade to full sun, in well-draining but moisture retentive soils, rich in humus. Cooper. 4, 3. It is found in most of Wisconsin except for a … Figure 5. Pelargoniums Washington (Regal) Geraniums  by Jim Zemcik, Zonals   What Does That Mean? 南アフリカ原産。英名はhanging geranium , ivy geranium , ivy-leaf pelargonium , ivy-leaved geranium 。 多年草、よじ登り、這い、高さ2m以下、茎はやや多肉質、太さ3~10 、長さ約2mになる。シュートは細く、平滑。葉は .......................................................................................................................     'Geraniums', Formosum Hybrids by Annette Andersson  Part The genus for which the family is named is They are long-lived and most have a mounding habit, with palmately lobed foliage. Pelargonium. Stamens 15: plant succulent; stems spiny,    It is a reference to the beak-like fruit (seed capsule) which is reminiscent of the long beak of a Crane. 1. As with other wild geraniums the stems tend … Red leaves on a geranium is a sign that the plant is stressed in some way. Spotted wilt on two geranium leaves. click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Geranium thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ©G.A. Geraniums will grow in any soil as long as it is not waterlogged. Propagation is by semiripe cuttings in summer, by seed, or by division in autumn or spring. Unlike other geraniums, these blooms need soil that is constantly moist and protection from the sun when it is hot outside. fewer than 10) Geranium flowers have five very similar petals, and are thus radially symmetrical (actinomorphic), whereas Pelargonium (and also Erodium) flowers have two upper petals which are different from the three lower petals, so the flowers have a single plane of symmetry (zygomorphic). Linnaeus originally included all the species in one genus, Geranium, but they were later separated into two genera by Charles L’Héritier in 1789. [1][2][3] The species Geranium viscosissimum (sticky geranium) is considered to be protocarnivorous. The common name ‘cranesbill’ comes from the shape of the unsprung column, which in some species is long and looks like the bill of a crane. Apr 11, 2013 - Geranium Leaf Epidermal Tissue: Epidermal Hairs, Stomata, Guard Cells Preservation Project, Martha Bacterial leaf spot disease on geranium leaf caused by Xanthomonas hortorum pv. The genus for which the family is named is Geranium . Scented-Leafed Geraniums(Geraniumspp.) (Near towns, cultivars from gardens are more common than wild plants.) Some of these are not winter-hardy in cold areas and are grown in specialized gardens like rock gardens. from a recent HDC project on their identification and management. Mr. Wren, (Stem) Succulents and Leaves are opposite, simple, have serrate margins, and are two to four inches long. An important genus in the Geranium Family (Geraniaceae) is -4-Figu re 5. Flowers regular (all petals more of less A couple of species are grown in gardens and are available commercially. However, many species in this genus do not have a long beak-like column. Other Zonal Pelargoniums- 2. Leaves form a basal rosette when plants are young. The Geranium Family & Pelargoniums   Some species have spreading rhizomes. Spotted Wilt This rare disease by Cliff Blackman                     The palmately cleft leaves are broadly circular in form. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . These plants are Leaf shape can be variable. Johnson' AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Geranium 'Dilys' AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Geranium 'Mavis Simpson' AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Geranium 'Orion' AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Geranium ROZANNE= 'Gerwat' PBR AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Results / RHS Gardening", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geranium&oldid=996512520, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 01:31. This consists of a beak-like column which springs open when ripe and casts the seeds some distance. for Gardeners, Pelargonium                      Geranium pratenseis a clump-forming perennial growing to a height of typically half a metre and occasionally more. viewed as weeds. They are found in the deserts of southern Africa. While the bright red coloration of stressed geraniums can actually be quite attractive, it is a sign for concern. Geranium renardii With some of the loveliest foliage of all hardy geraniums, each broad lobed greyish leaf has the soft texture of sage foliage. and Yellow-Flowered Geraniums, The Others. Pelargonium  Sections Polyactium & Cortusina. Meadow Cranesbill plants have a basal rosette of opposite long-stalked leaves above which arise several blunt-edged hairy stems branch occasionally and have short-stalked or stalkless 7- to 9-lobed palmate leaves that are deeply-cut, sharply-toothed and have pointed tips. another genus in the geranium family. A chart of tree leaf shape, arrangement, margin, and venation can be used to identify individual tree species. Carolina geranium growth habit. The shape of the flowers offers one way of distinguishing between the two genera Geranium and Pelargonium. ......................................................................    Monsonia, 4. .................................................................................    [4] Other perennial species grown for their flowers and foliage include: G. argenteum, G. eriostemon, G. farreri, G. nodosum, G. procurrens, G. pylzowianum, G. renardii, G. traversii, G. tuberosum, G. versicolor, G. wallichianum and G. wlassovianum. The flowers do change colour as they age, however, but rather than redenning they turn a dee… Geranium Society (CCGS ), Poetry and Other Thoughts  Inspired by The genus Geranium contains more than 420 plant species, which are also known as cranesbill or hardy geranium (to distinguish them from Pelargonium species). Carolina geranium growth habit. Geraniums are eaten by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including brown-tail, ghost moth, and mouse moth. Carolina geranium growth habit. More information on names  the cactus and succulent growers. Pelargonium, 1. Plants which share distinctive characteristics                                              are divided into Carolina geranium The term "hardy geranium" is often applied to horticultural Geraniums to distinguish them from the Pelargoniums, which are not winter-hardy in temperate horticulture. These are plants primarily of temperate areas and are now X domesticum) are trailing in habit and have leaves that resemble ivy leaves. The English name ‘cranesbill’ derives from the appearance of the fruit capsule of some of the species. For more information on the Geranium Informational table showing disease name, symptoms, pathogen/cause, and management of Geranium diseases. 'Jean Byrne', Everything You Wanted to Know About Ivy 'Geraniums' Pelargoniums, Descriptions of Cultivars:       'Clorinda'        'Paton's Uniques'     Factsheet 16/13 (HDC project HNS 178) 1. Here are some recommendations of the best, more recently another genus in the geranium family. Geranium, the genus name, comes from the Greek noun geranos, meaning Crane (birds of the group of species known as the Gruidae). The fruit capsule consists of five cells, each containing one seed, joined to a column produced from the centre of the old flower. The geranium family consists of several genera of plants Common Name: CRANESBILL, GERANIUM Habit: Annual, perennial herb, often +- glandular, especially above.Stem: generally 1--4 mm wide in lower 1/2.Leaf: palmately lobed to divided, +- hairy; segments generally palmately lobed and/or toothed; upper alternate or opposite; blade generally round in outline, base generally cordate. Two or three species of Erodium are common weeds in the fields of California. Pelargonium: Photogallery of the Regal Zonal geraniums may also be grouped with fancy-leaved geraniums. petals different in shape and/or size from the lower three) ; hypanthium present, (fertile stamens Some of the more commonly grown species include: All the above species are perennials and generally winter-hardy plants, grown for their attractive flowers and foliage. They are found throughout the temperate regions of the world and the mountains of the tropics, but mostly in the eastern part of the Mediterranean region. Red geranium leaves can be a symptom of minor problems, such as over or under watering, nutrient decencies or … Common Geranium Diseases Alternaria Leaf Spot: Alternaria leaf spot is marked by dark brown, water-soaked circular spots that are ¼ to ½ inch (0.5-1.25 cm.)  Latin Leaf cupping (Pennsylvania State University photo). 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